Musheireb Masterplan – The Mastered Plan
“The creative use of renewable energy in the Heart of Doha would be a symbol of worldwide importance… the use of prevailing sea breezes to cool streets and buildings is one excellent way to use renewable energy in the project” – Professor Guy Nordenson.
Recently we did a short post on the exciting Musheireb Masterplan for Doha, and now we can provide you with some excellent images courtesy of Aecom, the masterplanners for the entire project. Keen to help us explain the project further they have provided us with some material that gives us a superb insight into the way in which the project has been planned to make the most of renewable forms of energy, not just through direct energy production but also, and most importantly, through passive means that will ultimately lower energy consumption.
Traditional Arab Town – Designed for purpose
In the image below is the town of Hofuf, in Saudi Arabia. You’ll notice the closeness of the buildings, designed to foster community as well as serve a very important role: shade and funnels for air circulation. Traditional architecture in the region called for a strong focus on simplicity, space, light, layering, ornamental detailing as well as the consideration of climatic issues. This understanding of traditional design principles formed the starting point for the Musheireb Masterplan, after all, understanding local principles will help facilitate a healthy modern development.
Public Realm – Massing
With any development, its important to appreciate the context you are building in do better understand the masses that would best suit the location. When you’re working on a development of this size, it becomes even more critical. The beauty of this massing image is how well it communicates not just the massing of the buildings themselves, but the negative spaces, the circulatory spaces, that exist between the buildings. You cannot have positive, habitable spaces without negative, circulation spaces and understanding their balance is key to success.
These next two images further demonstrate the same ideas about massing and circulation. These simplified site plans provide visible data that expresses well how the building masses affect the circulatory paths, and vice-versa.
Massing – defined
Taking the massing ideas one step further, this informative image demonstrates multiple layers of information. Having them all on the one image expresses how each of these issues are interconnected points, reliant on each other for maximum effectiveness. The diagrams illustrate beautifully how the massing, on a large, city wide scale works at keeping the people moving, whilst the image on the right expresses how the individual buildings work with nature to keep the residents cool. This combination of small, focused elements forming part of a large system shows the important role master planning plays in effective development.